Congress’ Tax Bills: The Impact on Healthcare and the Affordable Care Act
The House and Senate have now passed versions of the biggest rewrite of tax law in decades.
The House and Senate have now passed versions of the biggest rewrite of tax law in decades. If you are filing your taxes you should get a PAN card to help save all your documents for future references, here are essential PAN documents that you will be need.
Since the bills are not identical, the final legislation must be negotiated in a conference committee. While not all provisions will survive, it is predicted that the final bill will most closely resemble the Senate version, which includes repealing the Affordable Care Act’s individual mandate, according to an article by the Association of Health Care Journalists (AHCJ).
Our team at Intellimed wanted to know the impact on healthcare of Congress’ bills. Here’s what we learned…
Impact on the Affordable Care Act (ACA)
Both bills as they stand now would significantly impact ACA/Obamacare. The biggest changes include:
- Abolishment of Mandatory Insurance Coverage: The Senate tax bill would eliminate the government’s enforcement of the ACA requirement that most Americans carry insurance coverage. According to a recent Chicago Tribune article on the bill’s impact, abolishment of the coverage mandate would result in government savings from fewer consumers applying for taxpayer-subsidized coverage, giving GOP tax writers nearly $320 billion over 10 years to help pay for tax cuts. With healthier people opting out of insurance and foregoing a penalty, it is speculated that premiums would continue to rise for those maintaining coverage. The Washington Post concurs in its coverage, stating “The result could cause an extra 13 million people to become uninsured and drive up insurance premiums in marketplaces created under the law, according to anestimate by Congress’s nonpartisan budget analysts. The House bill would not end penalties for Americans who fail to carry insurance. However, House Republicans have been sympathetic to the idea, which was part of legislation the House adopted this year to dismantle much of the ACA.
- Impact on Medicare: The impact on Medicare is somewhat unclear. However, the impact of both chambers’ bills is predicted to increase federal deficits by about $1 trillion over 10 years, even after accounting for stronger economic growth expected from tax cuts. More red ink means higher borrowing costs for the government, and that would reduce the options for policymakers when Medicare’s long-postponed financial reckoning comes due, although GOP leaders House Speaker Paul Ryan, R-Wisc., and Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, R-Ky. said in a joint statement that speculation about the tax bill’s cuts to Medicare are unfounded, according to the Chicago Tribune. The Washington Post notes, “Cuts, if they happen, would decrease federal spending on Medicare by 4 percent — amounting to about $25 billion next year, the Congressional Budget Office forecast. Because paygo rules do not allow Medicare benefits to be touched, the funding loss would be spread among payments to doctors, hospitals and others that provide care to the program’s 56 million older and disabled Americans.
- Impacts to Federal Programs for Low-Income Americans & CDC: The bills would leave untouched some health-care programs that provide help to low-income Americans, including Medicaid and the Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP). Nearly $1 billion a year would be eliminated for a Prevention and Public Health Fund, created under the ACA that now represents 12 percent of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) budget, according to The Washington Post.
- Tax Deduction for High Medical Expenses: The House bill repeals the tax deduction for people with high medical expenses not covered by insurance. The Senate bill would make the deduction more generous than what’s currently allowed. People could deduct amounts that exceed 7.5 percent of their income. The differences would have to be resolved in conference.
- Tax Credit to Drug Companies: In an effort to raise money to pay for lower tax rates, the House bill eliminates a current tax credit available to drug companies that develop medications for people with rare diseases; the Senate bill scales back the tax credit.
- Health Associations’ Take on the Republican Tax Bill
In a joint statement this month, the American Psychiatric Association, American College of Physicians, American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, and American Academy of Pediatrics, among others, voiced opposition to the Republican tax proposal. The main concern of these groups was around repeal of the individual insurance mandate, which would leave millions more people uninsured by 2027, according to the Congressional Budget Office (CBO), with speculation that individual and small-group marketplaces would be destabilized and rates of medical bankruptcy would skyrocket.
And the Story Continues…
The tax bill story is certainly not over and we’ll all get to watch it unfold over the coming weeks and months as we head into the New Year. We hope this quick overview of the House and Senate bills’ impact on healthcare has been informative. Please add your comments and let us know if we’ve missed any key points.
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